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Your PRODUCE Resource
Fresh Everyday was created with you in mind. It’s an online resource to help you discover nutrition facts, recipes and resources when it comes to fresh produce. Enjoy a look around on this site where you will find the information needed to make better eating and lifestyle choices.
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Featured Produce Profile
Today, over 90% of our domestic avocados are grown in California with over 60% of that production coming from San Diego County. In fact, Fallbrook, California just north of San Diego, claims the title of “Avocado Capital of the World.” Florida is the other domestic source for avocados and we also import fruit from Chile and Mexico. There are nearly 500 recognized varieties of avocados, but relatively few are grown commercially. Listed below are the main commercial varieties of avocados.
Bacon: This is a delicate-tasting, green-skinned variety that is available late fall to early spring. It is oval in shape with a medium to large seed. It stays green when ripe.
Fuerte: Another variety that is available during the winter. This pear-shaped fruit remains green when ripe. The Fuerte has been overtaken by the Hass avocado as a favorite variety.
Pinkerton: This is a premium variety with excellent taste. It is pear-shaped with a small seed. Available from late fall to early spring; its skin becomes a darker green when ripe.
Zutano: This early-winter variety is one of the first to be harvested in September. It has shiny, yellow-green skin and pale green flesh. This delicate-tasting variety retains its skin color when ripe.
Reed: This is a summer variety. It is round in shape with pebbly skin and a medium seed. The fruit retains its green color when ripe.
Hass: The Hass variety is far and away the most popular and well-known of all the varieties. It is oval in shape with thick pebbly skin that turns from green to almost black when ripe. The flesh has a rich, nutty flavor and creamy texture when ripe. It is available year-round.
When you are selecting avocados, look for fruit that is free of cuts or dark blemishes or bruises. The ripeness of the fruit should be taken into consideration based on when it will be used. Besides color change as an indicator with the Hass variety, ripe fruit will yield to gentle pressure when squeezed in the palm of your hand.
Avocados are rather high in calories at 50 calories per ounce - the equivalent of two slices. However, they contain more than 25 essential nutrients as well including vitamin E, vitamin K, potassium, folic acid and fiber. While avocados are known for their high fat content, it is the preferred monounsaturated variety.
A word of caution, avocados should not be feed to animals. All parts of the avocado plant- leaves, bark, and fruit are highly toxic to non-human species.